SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer, protocol used for transmitting encrypted information.
The SSL certificate ensures that when the user types in their password, no one can ‘sniff’ it off the internet line and use it. Without SSL encryption the password would be transmitted in plain text, easy to read with the right tools. SSL encrypts the information transmitted back and forth. It provides end-to-end protection.
A digital certificate provides users with the following:
Confirmation of Identity
- The user sending the information is assured of the identity of the party controlling the server, and therefore is the intended recipient of the communication. A third-party will verify that the information came from a trusted source.
Guarantee of Non-interception
The information will not be intercepted between the user’s browser and the server, and is not deciphered or interpreted by anyone other than the intended recipient.
- Your communications are secured by a properly authenticated web certificate as evidenced by the appearance of a small padlock icon in the frame of your browser. Those are often seen when you log into a bank account or any e-commerce websites. Sites that require an SSL connection start with https: instead of http:
The Steps of the Secure Handshake
- The browser checks the certificate to make sure that the site you are connecting to is the real site and not someone intercepting and spoofing the site.
- It is determined what encryption types the browser and web site server can both use to understand each other.
- ‘The business handshake.’ The browser and server send each other unique codes to use when encrypting any information that will be sent.
- ‘The sealed information passes from the client to the messenger to the business.’ The browser and server use the encryption to start talking; the web browser shows the encrypting icon, and web pages are processed as secured.
SSL provides reassurance to the customer that their credit card number or contact information that is being collected is protected on the website by encrypting that data when it gets sent. SSL creates a secure connection between a client and a server, over which any amount of data can be sent more securely.
Domain Name System is a system of mapping names to Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. Because domain names are alphabetic, they’re easier for humans to remember. The Internet, however, is really based on IP addresses. Every time you use a domain name, DNS translates the name into the corresponding IP address. It is similar to a phonebook for the Internet.
An alternate e-mail address that points to another account. E-mail sent to the alternate address will be automatically routed to the Inbox of the official address.
File Transfer Protocol is a standard method of moving files across the Internet, often from a local computer to a hosted computer or vice versa. It’s one way to add files like images to a website, or copy files down to make a backup copy of them.
Hypertext Markup Language is the language used to create documents for use on webpages.
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol is the protocol used between a web browser and a server to request a document and transfer its contents.
Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is a protocol for e-mail. It allows you to leave a copy of the email retrieved on the server, meaning you can access the same email from another device later from the central copy. (See also POP3.)
Internet Protocol is the most basic protocol used to communicate on the Internet. An IP number is a numerical address consisting of four or six set so f numbers separated by periods. Each IP address uniquely identifies a certain computer on the Internet.
K or KB
Kilobytes are typically used to measure the size of computer files. A kilobyte is equivalent to 1,024 bytes.
Large computer files are measured in Megabytes. A megabyte is equivalent to 1,024 kilobytes.
MySQL (Structured Query Language) is a freely available third-party database engine designed to provide fast access to stored data. Data can be stored, updated and deleted using languages such as PHP. The data can be retrieved from the database to allow the generation of dynamic con for webpages.
Hypertext Preprocessor is an open source scripting language used to create dynamic web pages. PHP script is enclosed within special tags. This way, the author can jump between HTML and PHP, simplifying the process or writing HTML pages. Because PHP is executed on the server, the client cannot view the PHP code, only the results code.
Post Office Protocol version 3 is the transport protocol used for receiving e-mails. When you use your e-mail client to retrieve e-mail messages, the client communicates with the e-mail server via POP3 to pull down copies of the email off the server. POP3 e-mail accounts are generally provided through a web hosting account. (See also IMAP.)
Search Engine Optimization is the process of making a site and its content highly relevant for both search engines and searchers. Successful SEO helps a site gain top positioning for relevant words and phrases.
SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer, a protocol used for transmitting encrypted information.
Uniform Resource Locator is a method of accessing Internet resources. URLs contain information about both the access method to use and also about the resource itself, and are used by Web browsers to connect you directly to a specific document or page.
A domain name is a unique name that identifies an Internet site, a website address, such as google.com or redearthdesign.com
What does it mean to register a domain name?
Registering a domain name is like registering for a phone number. It becomes your unique locator, no one else can use it if you have it registered. Generally registration is for a year or more.
Domain registration differs from web hosting in that the name just directs people to where your site is physically located. Your hosting account is where your webpages are physically at, the domain name is like the phone number someone types in to pull up those pages.
What is domain renewal?
Once you register a domain name, it comes up for renewal each year, unless you registered it for longer. You just pay the renewal fee and you have rights to use that name for another year, or however long you renew it for.
What is domain transferring?
If you want to change the company you registered your domain name with, you can transfer the domain name to another company. To do this, you submit a transfer request through the new company and they contact the other company to release it. You will be sent an approval request so you can approve or deny the transfer. This goes to the administrative and technical contact for the domain name. If you approve it, the transfer is completed.
For .org domain names, there is an extra step to transferring a domain. You have to get what’s called an ‘Auth code’ from the current registrar. The new company needs this auth code to complete the process. This is an extra safeguard to help protect your domain name. Some companies make the code available in your domain name account, others you just ask their help desk.
What is domain forwarding?
If you have a domain name and website under a .com, like redearthdesign.com, you might have also registered the .org version. Domain forwarding is when you have another domain name like redearthdesign.net automatically redirect web visitors to your main website. This means you can funnel people from multiple domain names back to your main site.
What are Nameservers
Nameservers are a key piece in making domain names point to where your website is located at your hosting account. Your nameservers must correspond with what your web hoster has listed as their nameservers. This way when someone types in your domain name, the computers of the world know where to go to pull up your website. An alternative to updating nameservers is updating the A record. The A record will direct traffic to the right place for the website, but allow other records to send traffic different place for services like email.
To get started with a website you need three components:
- Domain name: The address people type in to find your site
- Website design: The look and feel of your website
- Website hosting: Where your website files are housed on the internet
A domain name is the actual URL of your site.
Once you discuss your website project with us by email or phone, we put together a proposal for your review. After we come to an agreement on the proposal, we begin by putting together examples of design ideas for your site and adjust them with your feedback until you have a design that you would like to use. You’ll also be able to use the graphics from your site to create business cards and other promotional materials.
Web hosting is generally a monthly or yearly fee. Often an annual payment as opposed to monthly is a better deal. Hosting can also include your email accounts.
Once you have a hosting account, we can place your website files into your hosting account so they can be accessible to people on the internet.
Hosting your website
Web Hosting is the service of physically hosting your website files on a commercial grade computer called a server. A server houses multiple services within it, including a web server to serve up webpages, a mail server to manage email, and more.
Servers are maintained by hosting companies and by systems administrators (Sysadmins). They keep the server’s operating system up to date and running smoothly. They also install and maintain tools used by web developers, such as PHP and MySQL and others. Once hosting is set up and the domain name for a website is updated accordingly, other servers in the world will now know to ask your host’s server for your website files when someone types in your web address (URL). The server you’re hosted on then serves up your webpages so they can be viewed on someone’s computer. See our list of recommended website hosting companies here.
Email is often included as a part of web hosting- You’re able to have . Web hosters manage the complicated business of keeping email accounts sending and receiving.
Hosters can also set up SSL certificates – the service that makes the locked padlock show up on your browser to indicate a secure encrypted transaction. Hosters also work on the bigger picture – protecting all accounts on the server from constant outside attacks that might prevent the server from working.
Using your website
Some common uses of cookies:
- To remember you when you revisit a site.
- To make it more convenient to order from a site (automating data entry for you, etc).
- To increase the level of services and customize aspects of a site for you.
- To understand how you use a site, and what you find interesting on it.
Most web browsers are set to automatically accept cookies. This is usually the most convenient option. You can also change your browser settings to either not accept cookies, or ask your permission before doing so. Please note that not accepting cookies will make web site navigation more difficult, and may prevent you from carrying out certain actions on a website, such as viewing and changing your account or order history, taking advantage of promotions and discounts, or visiting certain areas of the website in question.
Where to find and check cookie settings:
In Windows Internet Explorer, you can find the cookie settings by going into the ‘Tools’ menu, and selecting ‘Internet Options.’ You should see a window like the one shown here. Click on the ‘Privacy’ tab to see what your cookie settings are currently. You can use the slider bar to raise or lower the level of cookie security. Troubleshooting log in problems for webpages with password protection If you are using Personal Firewall Software like Zone Lab’s Zone Alarm, Symantec’s Norton Internet Security or Symantec’s Norton Personal Firewall, you will need to configure it to ALLOW ‘Private Headers’ and ALLOW ‘Session Cookies’. Also your Web Browser must be able to accept ‘Session Cookies’. Note: Though cookies assist with navigation, it’s a good idea to clean your computer now and then.
Why choose Red? Because we're your website partner, happy to accompany you as you grow your business or organization. On top of ongoing security packages, we offer help with social media and search engine organization so your organization can get the word out, and go from strength to strength.
We can handle everything, or teach you how to manage your own website. The choice is always yours.